What Is Revolutionary Media?

26.09.2015 - Pressenza Hong Kong

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What Is Revolutionary Media?
(Image by Occupy Democrats)

What Is Revolutionary Media? 3 Key Ideas

July 20, 2015 by Kit O’Connell @KitOConnell


The following essay is based on a short presentation I gave Saturday at Monkeywrench Books

in Austin, Texas as part of “Imagining Revolutionary Media,” a discussion hosted by

Solidarity Circuit and Peaceful Streets Project.

I wanted to talk today about the challenges of being a new media journalist today, and I’ve

got three major points and a couple challenges we face that I plan to touch on.

We all agree that old media is dying, that’s part of why we’re here. It’s also oppressing people

on the way out by throwing a temper tantrum as it dies, and it’s hurting everybody —

especially those of us who want to be journalists in a sustainable career, and for anyone who

wants to reach people.

But new media kind of looks like a sweat shop! On July 1, Digiday published a study on the

volume of publishing in modern online media. According to their figures, Huffington Post has

532 full time staff churning out 1,200 articles per day, with an additional 400 unpaid blog

posts generated daily. Buzzfeed, the biggest “success story” of modern, list-based journalism

meanwhile has 100 paid staff members producing over 350 pieces of content daily.

They both have very different models for how they work, but it’s just a standard of being a

journalist today that you’re expected to work for free. And then eventually, if you’re lucky,

you might also rise above some other people who are also working just as hard as you, and

actually get paid for your work. Some paid writers are churning out 10 or 15 articles a day to

maintain those levels of output. This isn’t sustainable.

And old agendas are getting imported into new media. I’ve been trying to give up my

addiction to Stitcher, a podcasting app, because they’ve been playing advertising for the new

Goldman Sachs podcast. I don’t want that on my phone! But it’s a perfect example of how old

agendas are coming into our new formats. Plus, we’re still importing this idea of neutrality

which is bullshit.

So here’s three major points to focus on when we imagine revolutionary media.

Revolutionary media is decentralized and diverse

The old idea of the news room is dead. Modern newsmaking no longer occurs in one central

location. Rather, local reporters and citizen journalists can be connected from wherever they

are to a global network of other reporters doing similar work or targeting similar issues.

Social media similarly can create global solidarity and connect activists around the world.

Ideally, this should allow diverse voices to speak, including the voices of minorities and

oppressed groups that formerly remained voiceless in the mainstream media.

Of course, this presents new challenges — local media outlets have suffered as old media

dies, and social media presents its own challenges. Many new media outlets depend on

Facebook to generate page views, but Facebook is continually throttling the number of views

pages receive without an expensive advertising budget. It can be difficult to figure out which

networks to prioritize, as new social networks like Snapchat rise to prominence.

Of course, some of these same new tools can help create new ways to communicate and

recreate that old news room feel for a new age. Recently I’ve been part of a new project that

uses Slack, a mostly free hybrid of chat and email that lets reporters and editors share silly

links and debate the issues of the day as well as facilitating serious work like collaboratively

editing an article.


Revolutionary media is not neutral or balanced

I’m a gonzo journalist, but today I would argue that the best media outlets are involved in the

stories they report. We need to dispose of the idea of remaining completely neutral and

balanced, removed from the story. Neutrality actually gives a voice to people who I believe

are the enemies of humanity, by ensuring that “both sides” of all issues get “equal time.”

Instead, revolutionary media should have a people-first agenda, always.

By putting our agenda openly on the table, it helps people “build” the news for themselves.

Modern readers no longer get all their news from just one source, but instead they go to social

networks and diverse websites, each creating their own idea of what happened in the world

that day. By being open about what we believe and not trying to be all things to all people,

including our enemies (polluters, big corporations, brutal and racist police, corrupt politicians,

etc.), it lets news consumers understand where to put us when they build their daily news.

However, we still need to base our work rigorously on facts and evidence. This can mean

talking to people we might disagree with, but it’s important to get the full picture to our

readers. For example, I recently wrote about issues surrounding prison transportation for

Truthout, and I talked to an official with the Vermont Department of Corrections. But I made

sure to let the voices of former prisoners speak loudest and longest.

Revolutionary media is sustainable

Advertising isn’t enough to sustain modern journalism. It’s also a bubble economy. If you

look at a banner advertisement on a news page, that website essentially rented out that little

portion of space. But the company that purchased that space often resells that space again;

sometimes this happens three or four times for a given banner ad. This just isn’t sustainable,

and it’s a bubble that’s going to burst.

Beyond that, journalists deserve to get paid for the work they do, so they can survive and keep

working. We need to look to new methods of funding, like membership, crowdfunding (but

avoid Gofundme), and other forms of patronage. We also need to be transparent in how we

make money and how we pay our reporters. We can strive for transparency whether we’re a

cooperative, a union-based shop (like Truthout!), a nonprofit, or more

traditional organizations. I’ve been soliciting pitches for a new publication I’m helping to

launch, and we’re striving to be really honest with the freelancers we speak with about what

we can afford to pay versus what they deserve to be paid.


Mostly, all three points boil down to mutual respect and solidarity — solidarity for the people

we interview, but also solidarity for media workers. I can tell you it’s a strange experience to

report on the “Fight For 15” if you’re not able to make a living wage yourself as a journo.

I’d love to hear your feedback on my points, and how you think we can create media that is

decentralized and diverse, passionate but reliable, and sustainable. Thanks for listening.


Listen to my presentation, “What is Revolutionary Media?” on Soundcloud:



Categories: Culture and Media, North America
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