By James Albertini | Malu ‘Aina Center for Non-violent Education & Action
Queen Liliuokalani, last Monarch of Hawaii (bottom) – On 17 Jan 1893, Hawaii’s monarchy was overthrown when a group of businessmen and sugar planters aided by US Marines forced Queen Liliuokalani to abdicate.
On 28 Nov 1843, the United Kingdom and France jointly recognized the Hawaiian Kingdom as a sovereign and independent State, which was followed by formal recognition by the United States on 6 Jul 1844. By 1893, when it was overthrown, the Hawaiian Kingdom maintained over 90 legations (embassies) and consulates throughout the world.
“The U.S. National Lawyers Guild (NLG), with 70 chapters and over 6,000 members, calls upon the United States of America, State of Hawaii and counties in Hawaii immediately to begin to comply with international humanitarian law in its prolonged and illegal occupation of the Hawaiian Islands.”
NLG strongly condemns the prolonged and illegal occupation of the Hawaiian Islands.
NLG also condemns the unlawful presence and maintenance of the United States Indo-Pacific Command with its 118 military sites throughout the Hawaiian Islands, which has caused the islands to be targeted for nuclear strike by North Korea, China and Russia.
NLG calls for the United States to immediately comply with international humanitarian law and begin to administer the laws of the Hawaiian Kingdom as the occupied State.
NLG calls on the legal and human rights community to view the United States presence in the Hawaiian Islands through the prism of international law and to roundly condemn it as an illegal occupation under international law.
NLG supports the Hawaiian Council of Regency, who represented the Hawaiian Kingdom at the Permanent Court of Arbitration, in its efforts to seek resolution in accordance with international law as well as its strategy to have the State of Hawai‘i and its Counties comply with international humanitarian law as the administration of the Occupying State.