The capsule from the Japanese space probe has landed in the Australian desert. Scientists are hoping for a treasure trove of information about the solar system and life on Earth from tiny samples of the asteroid Ryugu.

A capsule carrying asteroid samples from a Japanese space probe landed in the South Australian desert on Saturday, the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) reported.

Scientists hope the samples — possibly weighing just 0.1 grams — from the Ryugu asteroid will provide clues to the origin of life and the formation of the solar system. It is believed that the 4.6 billion-year-old material has remained unchanged since the system around the Earth’s sun formed.

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