Today there are still many countries that punish harshly those who refuse to participate in war whether for religious or ideological reasons, in spite of being considered a Human Right enshrined by the UN Commission on Human Rights resolution 1998/77.
Other forms of Conscientious Objection have developed in more recent times, such as the right to divert the part of one’s taxes that pay for war or the military budget to a Peace or Nonviolent Conflict Resolution fund (often called Fiscal Objection). Where this is not accepted as a legal option (such as in the UK) there have been individuals jailed for withholding this tax money.
During the demonstration in 2003 before the start of the Iraq war many people carried placards stating *”Not in my name”*, that is, objecting to their State’s decision to invade another country.
A good summary of the CO’s situation in different countries and wars can be found in Wikipedia: [en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conscientious_objector](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conscientious_objector)