Mining for ice could pose a major additional threat to the 454 square-kilometre glacier, which is situated in Chile’s Bernardo O’Higgins National Park, and is part of the 13,000-square kilometre Southern Patagonian Ice Field, the third largest frozen land mass in the world after Antarctica and Greenland, according to the UN International Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR).
The Jorge Montt glacier is melting at a rate of one kilometre per year, making it one of the world’s most iconic symbols of global warming, UNISDR noted on 2 Feb.The Jorge Montt glacier is melting at a rate of one kilometre per year, making it one of the world’s most iconic symbols of global warming.
“The authorities in Chile are to be congratulated on clamping down on this illegal activity,” said Margareta Wahlström, the Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Disaster Risk Reduction and head of UNISDR.
“The Jorge Montt glacier and other major ice-fields are a precious part of our common world heritage and important yardsticks by which we can measure how man-made global warming is threatening the world’s water supply and damaging the environment. They deserve all the protection we can give them, including safeguarding from this type of vandalism.”
The prosecutor handling the case in Chile reported this week that those implicated in the ice theft had been identified as a result of an investigation that followed the arrest of the driver of a refrigerated truck last Friday [27 Jan.]. The truck was intercepted in the southern Chilean town of Cochrane.
Chile’s Centre for Scientific Studies has said that several of the country’s glaciers are shrinking because of global warming, but the much-studied Jorge Montt is one of those shrinking the fastest.
**The Largest Freshwater Reservoir on Earth**
Glacial ice is the largest reservoir of freshwater on Earth, supporting one third of the world’s population. Many glaciers store water during one season and release it later as meltwater, a water source that is especially important for plants, animals and human uses when other sources may be scant.
On Earth, 99% of glacial ice is contained within vast ice sheets in the polar regions, but glaciers may be found in mountain ranges of every continent except Australia, and on a few high-latitude oceanic islands.
Source: [www.un.org](http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=41116&Cr=climate+change&Cr1) | 2012 [Human Wrongs Watch](http://human-wrongs-watch.net/)